Raw material wood
Wood - a renewable resource ...
With the beginning of industrialization, new materials such as iron, steel or concrete dominated the market.
The woodworking seemed to have found its natural end. - An assumption that fortunately turned out to be a mistake.
Due to the shortage of natural resources, the wood was rediscovered.
Since one now had reliable comparison criteria available, the special advantages became apparent:
• Wood is a renewable resource
• Wood is biodegradable
• Wood adapts its own moisture to the ambient climate
• Wood is ideal for heat storage and insulation in building construction
• Wood as a building material meets modern aesthetic requirements
The world total is 422 billion tons.
Almost 3.2 billion m³ of raw wood are harvested every year, of which just under 50% is in the tropical countries around the equator.
Around 50% of global timber production is used as firewood.
This extremely useful plant product can be used in a wide variety of areas. It is ideal as timber, so either solid wood, glued laminated timber or wood-based material. For example, in the 1930s, radio towers were built entirely from wood because wood has the property of not conducting electricity. Even today, Deutsche Telekom still has two 54 m high radio towers. Many furniture and floor coverings are made of wood.
Especially forwarding companies rely on the material wood. Goods are loaded on wooden pallets or stored in wooden or cardboard boxes. Also, many sports equipment, such as the rod of the deck, because of the elastic properties of the wood of this material.
In addition to being used as a building material, wood is also suitable for other products. These include, among other things, everyday products, paper, cardboard, but also cellulose products such as celluloid and viscose fibers.
In addition, wood also has a large stored energy. This can be released in biomass power plants by chemical processes. The resulting gas can later be used to drive turbines. The complete process is CO2-neutral, and wood that has been cleared by sustainability is regenerative.
Environmental measures are trying to provide the raw material wood for subsequent generations. Due to heavy deforestation worldwide, but also in Europe, this is urgently needed. In 2007, 76.7 million solid cubic meters of raw wood were felled in Germany, with a total of approx. 3.4 billion storage meters. It has the highest wood supply in Europe. In percentage terms, Finland, Sweden and Slovenia have the largest stocks of wood. Worldwide, only about 2% of the national volume of wood is exported to other countries. The main processing of products such as timber or paper takes place for logistical reasons in the respective countries. The most important types of wood in Europe are spruce, pine, beech and oak.